The Toul Vihear home is located in the rural Kompong Thom Province. The Kompong Thom Province is the largest province in Cambodia in terms of area.
Most of the people in Kompong Thom make their living from farming or fishing. Rice production is an important part of the economy, along with harvesting fish from the great lake. Diseases like malaria, TB, and the generally poor health care are what typically cause premature parental death in Kompong Thom, and orphan so many children. With fighting just ending in the province in 1998, several children were orphaned due to war. In addition, AIDS deaths are the fastest growing contributor to the orphan population.
Every morning, the children begin their day with a morning devotional. After the time of bible study, worship, and prayer, they eat breakfast. Some go to school in the morning, and others attend school after lunch. When the children are not in school, they might help with house chores, take a nap, or play. The children enjoy playing soccer, Cambodian games, and learning traditional dances. Everyday, the children study English at a class held in the home. After studying English, the kids participate in the evening devotional. They review their lessons before going to sleep.